Conflict Victim Support Program (CVSP)
he Regional Institute of Policy Research and Training was commissioned to carry out a base line survey of households for the USAID program to help victims of conflict in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) that has remained the target of terrorism since the past many years.
The goal of the survey was to provide perceptions of households that would lead to delivery of equitable and transparent assistance to civilian victims of conflict. The time stipulated for the survey and the final report was two and a half months.
The following were the key aspects adopted as methodology:
- A representative sample of 650 households was selected for the survey out of 4500 likely beneficiaries (in terms of compensation etc.) who were victims of conflict in three years from 2009 to 2011. Ultimately RIPORT-CVSP survey team conducted 756 households’ interviews.
- The validity of the survey was established at 95% (+ – 5%).
- 26 districts of KP were categorized into five clusters according to regional distribution
- It generated the following ten target districts; Peshawar, Charsadda, Nowshera, Mansehra, Battagram, Swat, Lower Dir, Kohat, Bannu and D.I Khan.
- About 35 persons were deployed for work on this survey.
The survey had the following four phases:
- The first phaseencompassed ofstaff selection, training, questionnaire development, creating procedures and processes for quality control, selecting key informants, establishing guidelines for monitoring and checking and development of data base structure for entry of record and subsequent analysis.
- The second phase was to pilot test the survey and make changes.
- The third phase consisted of mapping the target area and commencing with household interviews and holding of 19 FGDs
- The fourth phase involved screening of data and its analysis as well as final report writing.
Major Findings of the Survey:
This innovative survey, the first of its kind conducted in Pakistan, provided an interesting array of findings from different aspects concerning the provision of relief to the affected individuals and families. It thus provided an outline of recommendations that could lead to improvement in the delivery of services in the future. The following are the main findings of the survey:
- The sample showed that there were 91.6% hh male casualties’, 5% were female whereas 3.4% hh were both male and female casualties’.
- The survey found that there were 13 different types of indemnities suffered by victims. The top 4 categories were:
- Injured (49.4%)
- Deaths (30.1%)
- Damage to property (06.1%)
- Injury & property loss (05.1%)
- 79% of respondent households confirmed that they had received some form of compensation while 21% declared that they had not received compensation.
- 26.3% of the responding households said that they were aware of government policy regarding compensation while 73.7% replied in the negative.
- The survey found that the distribution of assistance in various categories were in the following ratios;
- 53% financial assistance
- 17.7% financial medical assistance
- 8% for medical assistance
- 1.3% for other type of assistance
- 20% of VoC received no assistance
- There was no established system for the provision of periodic assistance to VoCs
- 68% received assistance only once
- Less than 1% received compensation in monthly installments
- The highest incidence of grant of compensation was in Peshawar district and it was reduced the further away an affectee was from Peshawar. This is typical core-periphery problem
- Despite the problems 58% of the households were satisfied with the relief package and 42% were dissatisfied.
- 65% of the respondents felt that they were treated fairly and 35% responding households thought that they were treated unfairly in the distribution of compensation;
- 67.8% of respondent termed the distribution of compensation as transparent, while 32.2% disagreed.
- 31.6% of households claimed that they were denied compensation due to procedural barriers.
- The survey showed that 47% of households that received compensation claimed that it did not have a positive impact on their economic conditions while 34% said that compensation had helped them positively.
- It appears that 28.8% of the VoCs were illiterate, 15.6% were children, and 17% had studied to primary level.
- Only 3% of the sample had some form of technical skills. 81% of VoC or their families did not have any skills
- 95% of households claimed that they suffered hardship in obtaining relief as they did not have easy access to information
- Government and media should play their role to facilitate transparency and accountability in assistance programs. Concerned authorities should monitor the delivery of assistance and compensation to the vulnerable and deserving, by better monitoring and checking.
- The assistance must be on need basis and the victims who sustain injuries, both major and minor, should be compensated according to their needs